Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis facts

  • Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis featuring chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joints.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis belongs to a group of arthritis conditions that tend to cause chronic inflammation of the spine (spondyloarthropathies).
  • Ankylosing spondylitis affects males two to three times more commonly than females.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis is a cause of back pain in adolescents and young adults.
  • The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited.
  • The HLA-B27 gene can be detected in the blood of most patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis can also affect the eyes, heart, lungs, and occasionally the kidneys.
  • The optimal treatment of ankylosing spondylitis involves medications that reduce inflammation or suppress immunity, physical therapy, and exercise.

What is ankylosing spondylitis?

Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of chronic inflammation of the spine and the sacroiliac joints. The sacroiliac joints are located at the base of the low back where the sacrum (the bone directly above the tailbone) meets the iliac bones (bones on either side of the upper buttocks) of the pelvis. Chronic inflammation in these areas causes pain and stiffness in and around the spine, including the neck, middle back, lower back, and buttocks. Over time, chronic inflammation of the spine (spondylitis) can lead to a complete cementing together (fusion) of the vertebrae, a process referred to as ankylosis. Ankylosis causes loss of mobility of the spine.

What causes ankylosing spondylitis?

The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is believed to be genetically inherited, and a majority (nearly 90%) of people with ankylosing spondylitis are born with a gene known as the HLA-B27 gene. Blood tests have been developed to detect the HLA-B27 gene marker and have furthered our understanding of the relationship between HLA-B27 and ankylosing spondylitis. The HLA-B27 gene appears only to increase the tendency of developing ankylosing spondylitis, while some additional factor(s), perhaps environmental, are necessary for the disease to appear or become expressed. For example, while 7% of the United States population has the HLA-B27 gene, only 1% of the population actually has the disease ankylosing spondylitis. In northern Scandinavia (Lapland), 1.8% of the population has ankylosing spondylitis while 24% of the general population has the HLA-B27 gene. Even among individuals whose HLA-B27 blood test is positive, the risk of developing ankylosing spondylitis appears to be further related to heredity. In HLA-B27-positive individuals who have relatives with the disease, the risk of developing ankylosing spondylitis is 12% (six times greater than for those whose relatives do not have ankylosing spondylitis).

Other genes have been identified that are associated with ankylosing spondylitis, including ARTS1 and IL23R. These genes seem to play a role in influencing immune function. It is anticipated that by understanding the effects of each of these known gene risk factors medical researchers will make significant progress in discovering a cure for ankylosing spondylitis.

How inflammation occurs and persists in different organs and joints in ankylosing spondylitis is a subject of active health research. Each individual tends to have their own unique pattern of presentation and activity of the illness. The initial inflammation may be a result of an activation of the body’s immune system, perhaps by a preceding bacterial infection or a combination of infectious microbes. Once activated, the body’s immune system becomes unable to turn itself off, even though the initial bacterial infection may have long subsided. Chronic tissue inflammation resulting from the continued activation of the body’s own immune system in the absence of active infection is the hallmark of an inflammatory autoimmune disease.


Hiatal Hernia

Hiatal Hernia

Any time an internal body part pushes into an area where it doesn’t belong, it’s called a hernia.

The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm — the muscular wall separating the chest cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus (food pipe) goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach. In a hiatal hernia(also called hiatus hernia) the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening.

There are two main types of hiatal hernias: sliding and paraesophageal (next to the esophagus).

In a sliding hiatal hernia, the stomach and the section of the esophagus that joins the stomach slide up into the chest through the hiatus. This is the more common type of hernia.

Hiatal Hernia

The paraesophageal hernia is less common, but is more cause for concern. The esophagus and stomach stay in their normal locations, but part of the stomach squeezes through the hiatus, landing it next to the esophagus. Although you can have this type of hernia without any symptoms, the danger is that the stomach can become “strangled,” or have its blood supply shut off.

Many people with hiatal hernia have no symptoms, but others may have heartburn related to gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. Although there appears to be a link, one condition does not seem to cause the other, because many people have a hiatal hernia without having GERD, and others have GERD without having a hiatal hernia.

People with heartburn may experience chest pain that can easily be confused with the pain of a heart attack. That’s why it’s so important to undergo testing and get properly diagnosed.

What Causes a Hiatal Hernia?

Most of the time, the cause is not known. A person may be born with a larger hiatal opening. Increased pressure in the abdomen such as from pregnancy, obesity, coughing, or straining during bowel movements may also play a role.

Who Is at Risk for Hiatal Hernia?

Hiatal hernias occur more often in women, people who are overweight, and people older than 50.

How Is a Hiatal Hernia Diagnosed?

A hiatal hernia can be diagnosed with a specialized X-ray (using a barium swallow) that allows a doctor to see the esophagus or with endoscopy.

How Are Hiatal Hernias Treated?

Most people do not experience any symptoms of their hiatal hernia so no treatment is necessary. However, the paraesophageal hernia (when part of the stomach squeezes through the hiatus) can sometimes cause the stomach to be strangled, so surgery is sometimes recommended. Other symptoms that may occur along with the hernia such as chest pain should be properly evaluated.Symptoms of GERD, such asheartburn, should be treated.

When Is Hiatal Hernia Surgery Necessary?

If the hiatal hernia is in danger of becoming constricted or strangulated (so that the blood supply is cut off), surgery may be needed to reduce the hernia, meaning put it back where it belongs.

Hiatal hernia surgery can often be performed as a laparoscopic, or “minimally invasive,” procedure. During this type of surgery, a few small (5 to 10 millimeter) incisions are made in the abdomen. The laparoscope that allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen and surgical instruments are inserted through these incisions. The surgeon is guided by the laparoscope, which transmits a picture of the internal organs to a monitor. The advantages of laparoscopic surgery include smaller incisions, less risk of infection, less pain and scarring, and a more rapid recovery.

Many patients are able to walk around the day after hernia surgery. Generally, there are no dietary restrictions and the patient can resume his or her regular activities within a week. Complete recovery will take two to three weeks, and hard labor and heavy lifting should be avoided for at least three months after surgery. Unfortunately, there is no guarantee, even with surgery, that the hernia will not return.

When Should I Call the Doctor About a Hiatal Hernia?

If you have been diagnosed with a hiatal hernia and you develop severe pain in the chest or abdomen, become nauseated, are vomiting, or are unable to have a bowel movement or pass gas, you may have a strangulated hernia or an obstruction, which are medical emergencies. Call your doctor immediately.

Why I love Magnesium for Fibromyalgia!

By Ginevra Liptan, MD

As the release date for my new book comes closer, both my excitement and stress levels have ramped up. And when stress levels go up, sometimes self-care goes out the window and then it is fibromyalgia flare time. Recently I have been reminded how useful magnesium can be during flares as a tool to activate my relaxation response.

Since fibromyalgia is characterized by a hyperactive stress response, anything that we can do to activate the opposite reaction in our bodies by generating a relaxation response can reduce symptoms. One easy way to do that is with topical magnesium lotions or soaking in magnesium-enriched water.

Magnesium is known as the relaxation mineral: it has calming effects on the brain, nerves, and muscles. And guess what mineral nearly everyone with fibromyalgia is deficient in? You guessed it! When scientists have analyzed the levels of magnesium in fibromyalgia patients they are consistently low.

But there are a few challenges with taking this mineral orally in high doses. It acts as a laxative (you may have heard of milk of magnesia, one of the strongest laxatives there is) and we don’t absorb it very efficiently through our intestines. Oral magnesium supplements can certainly be helpful, but to get doses high enough to trigger a relaxation response, you need to get the high doses that can only be attained by letting your skin and muscles soak it up.

We absorb magnesium better through our skin than through our intestines, so a transdermal application is an effective way to trigger relaxation, without causing loose stool. You can bathe in Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate) or rub magnesium oil or lotion on your feet and legs before bed, which guides the body into deeper sleep and acts as natural relaxant to tight muscles. Be careful, though, as magnesium can be a bit abrasive to the skin, so if you have an open cut don’t use it on that area—it will sting. The creams and lotions are milder and gentler on the skin than the oils, but contain less magnesium. I like the lotion from Ancient Minerals.

Another way to absorb magnesium is by soaking in magnesium-rich water. If you live in a place with access to float therapy, I definitely encourage you to check it out. Flotation therapy is also called Reduced Environmental Stimulation Therapy (REST)

and involves floating in a shallow warm pool that is saturated with about 1,000 pounds of Epsom salt to make it heavy and enable easy floating. Often these pools are enclosed in lightproof and soundproof tanks that drastically reduce sensory input, which also helps induce a relaxation response.  However there are also open options more like large bathtubs for those with claustrophobia. Flotation therapy has been shown to reduce cortisol levels, muscle tension and pain, and induce relaxation.

Flotation REST therapy currently being studied specifically for fibromyalgia and initial data shows it decreased pain, muscle tension, anxiety, and stress. There is an ongoing international study at float centers around the world. To learn how you can be involved go to

Floating in these tanks is a like taking a bath while floating like a cork on the surface of the water. It’s a unique experience; it feels like, I imagine, floating in space. Without the effect of gravity on your joints and muscles, there is less input to the pain-sensing nerves, resulting in less pain. In the float tank and for a few days after, my pain is decreased, my muscles feel looser, and my body is calmer.

Float shops are springing up in large cities around the U.S., but if you can’t access flotation therapy, you can simulate its effects at home by taking a bath with as much Epsom salt as you can get to dissolve. Then turn off the lights and reduce noise as much as possible. You won’t float unless you have a huge bathtub (and 1,000 pounds of Epsom salt), but you will still get the relaxing benefits of magnesium absorbed through your skin.

So next time your stress is through the roof and self-care has gone out the window, apply some magnesium lotion, take a bath in Epsom salts, or go for a float!


9 Important Things You Should Keep In Mind When Having A Bath

One of the mundane tasks that everyone does (more or less) daily is taking a shower once or twice a day. Taking a shower in the morning helps you feel fresher and stay hygienic for the day ahead. While it may sound like a routine task, however, there are certain things that you might have been executing in an incorrect manner in this process.

Now let’s have quick run-through 9 important things you should bear in mind while taking a shower everyday:

Dodge Scrubbing Too Much

Scrubbing is definitely good for skin, but many people think that if they will be doing it way too much they will look fairer and have dirt-free skin is a myth. In fact, if you scrub quite often, it will ruin your skin to an unbelievable extent. Do you know that the top layer of your skin is pretty sensitive and chances are it can get removed when you scrub hard and every so often which may make you prone to various skin infections? So dodge scrubbing your face too much and stick to once a week routine.

Don’t Leave the Loofah/Scrubber not cleaned properly

Many of us out there have the tendency of leaving the loofah or scrubber in the shower and use it the same way next time. Ewww! If some of you are doing that way please for the sake of not getting infected. Did you know that following such practice would result in providing breeding grounds for bacterium which in turn can cause skin allergies or itching when you use it again on your body? Hence, always and always after taking shower rinse off your loofah or scrubber properly and let it dry.

Never ever wax or shave before shower

Those who love to get themselves waxed or shave before having a bath need to stop doing this as soon as possible. Well, it is not a good practice as it leads to an increase in the size of the pores on your skin. This consecutively may leave your skin way too dry and dull. Hence, whenever you have to wax or shave, always prefer doing it after the shower.

Application of too much soap ain’t good

Application of too much soap on your body and face is not good for your skin. Soap has the propensity to absorb natural oil and dust which gets swept away with water when you rinse it off. However, the excessive usage of soap will only leave your skin dull, dry, and lifeless. Curb the use of soap to oily parts of your body and to parts which are disposed to stink like feet, face, groin, and armpits.

Don’t shower immediately after working out

After a rigorous or mild workout, we all feel too sweaty and exhausted that wish to quickly rush for the shower to feel more fresh and relaxed. However, this is not the right practice to follow. When you work out, your body gets warmed up and if you take a bath instantly after physical exercise, chances are very much high that you may fall sick because of cold and cough or even flu in some cases.

Don’t make use of towel for too long

Some people, specifically women, take hell lot of time to remove the towel after having a shower. They love to wrap their hair and body in the towel for a quiet long time and decide which dress they should wear. Well, the important fact that they actually don’t know is that keeping oneself wrapped up in a towel can leave your skin dry and also cause excessive hair loss if you tend to tie up your hair in the towel for a long time.

Make sure you use deodorant and anti-bacterial soap as less as possible

Most of us have a habit of using anti-bacterial soaps and applying deodorants immediately after taking bath. This is another of those things that may harm your skin. Using deodorant immediately after having a bath may cause itching, flakiness or even dry skin as the strong aroma and chemicals used in the deodorant may extract the moisture out of your skin. Your skin may also start aging prematurely!

Condition your hair after shampooing

Many people assume that it is purposeless to condition their hair after shampooing. Just like your skin, your hair to get dry with every wash and split from the end. As the chemicals in the shampoo extracts the natural oil of your hair you need to take proper care by moisturizing them with a good conditioner. Conditioning the hair after shampoo thwarts your hair from getting dry and dull. It also aids your hair in holding the protein above and beyond making it look glossy and soft.

Application of a moisturizer immediately after shower is a must

Do you wait for a while to apply moisturize your skin? If so, then please do not wait for more than 3 minutes after coming out of the shower. Baring your skin for too long after the shower may lead to losing of skin moisture and it will develop unwanted cracks thereby making it more exposed to bacteria and infections.

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Tramadol: The most dangerous drug in the world

Imagine a prescription medication that relieves pain just as well as narcotics like Oxycontin, but isn’t addictive. Too good to be true?

Turns out, yes.

For years, that was the case with Tramadol, a synthetic opioid drug that was released in 1995 under the brand name Ultram to great expectations. This new drug seemed to offer all the benefits of more powerful, more addictive drugs, but with fewer of the downsides of dependency — at least in clinical trials. This was apparently in part because trials examined tramadol use by injection, but it is manufactured — and far more potent — in pill form.

And if the drug was unlikely to make people dependent, it was not likely to be abused, unlike other opioid alternatives like Vicodin (also known as Norco), Percocet — let alone be as dangerous as high potency opioid medications like morphine, Dilaudid, or Fentanyl.

So for many years, Tramadol was widely prescribed by doctors as a “safer” alternative to narcotics for pain. The difference between narcotics and opioids is subtle, but opioids are natural or synthetically made drugs that function metabolically in the body like opium derivatives derived from poppy plant, while narcotics is more often used as a legal term, classifying drugs that blur the senses and produce euphoria, including cocaine and other non-opiates.

Indeed, unlike other opioid drugs, the Drug Enforcement Agency didn’t classify Tramadol as a controlled substance, because the FDA believed it had a low potential for abuse.

Though there were concerns about tramadol abuse in the years after release, the FDA repeatedly determined that the drug was not being widely abused, and so left it as an unscheduled drug.

This made Tramadol a particularly dangerous drug — because it was, in fact, highly addictive and prone to abuse. But because it was easier to obtain and had less concerns from physicians, it was more widely prescribed. Over the years, as often happens, a difference between clinical trials and the real world started to emerge. Emergency rooms began to report a growing number of overdoses related to Tramadol, even as the number of prescriptions soared, especially after the drug went off patent and cheaper generic versions became available in 2009. In 2013, nearly 45 million prescriptions for tramadol were written for patients in the U.S., nearly doubling in just five years.

In fact, one of the reason people like taking Tramadol is because for some people it works as an antidepressant, producing euphoria or energy, unlike other opioids which tend to make people drowsy. This has led it being used recreationally, while people still go to work or live their daily lives.

The problem didn’t just emerge in the U.S. Tramadol has become a widely available and widely abused drug across the world, as a recent report in the Wall Street Journal spelled out, pointing out horrible abuse in African nations of Cameroon and Nigeria. Ireland has seen overdoses from Tramadol soar. Egypt has been another victim of the misleading perceptions of the drug, as cheap pills have spread as daily-helpers among the poor and working class.

Finally, in 2014, the DEA finally changed Tramadol to a Schedule IV designation as a controlled substance. But the World Health Organization continues to classify the drug without restriction, under the belief that it would become much more difficult to obtain by people who need legitimate pain relief, according to the Wall Street Journal report.

When you actually consider the real world experience of people taking the drug, however, it quickly becomes evident that Tramadol, like other opioids prescribed for pain relief, also carries the trade off of dependency and withdrawal. Among the 50 or so first-person reports on, many Tramadol users cite these effects.

“I wish I knew this was an addictive narcotic. My doc told me it was non narcotic,” offered one user, who identified herself as a 36 year old woman.

This is exactly what makes Tramadol so dangerous. Despite it’s reputation as being a “safe” opioid, it is still an opioid. These drugs have been massively over-prescribed over the past 20 years, causing an opioid crisis in the U.S. with thousands of people suffering the consequences of addiction, ruined lives, and death. In 2014 alone, more than 28,000 people died from opioid overdose — at least half of them prescription drugs, compared to street drugs like heroin (which are often the cheaper drug of choice among people who started with a prescription opioid).

On every page for an opioid drug at, we have placed a clear and emphatic warning about the risks of these drugs in a big orange box. For many people, these drugs serve a purpose, and are a necessary part of coping with pain. But people need to be careful before they begin using them, and they need to be aware that the drugs carry a significant risk of dependency that can squander lives. These are dangerous drugs that must be taken seriously.


This Baby Was Born With Giant Tongue: The Whole World Felt Sorry For Her, But Today She Looks Like This (Photo)!

Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a rare syndrome that appears in babies and causes their tongue to become enormous. This little girl in the picture (Paisley) is suffering from it and it’s really difficult for her, since she is unable to close her mouth. However, the good news is that she defeated this condition.

She is from a small town in South Dakota called Aberdeen and she is 16 months old. Her condition developed even before she was born, so she came out with an adult-sized tongue. Babies who suffer from Beckwith-Wiedemann are under a serious danger, since they can choke from the tongue at any time. So, the doctors, well aware of this, connected her to a breathing apparatus in the first week of her life.

This Baby Was Born With Giant Tongue: The Whole World Felt Sorry For Her, But Today She Looks Like This (Photo)!

Her tongue was actually two times the size of her mouth. Earlier, she had a surgery, which was not successful and her tongue didn’t stop growing. Statistically, this syndrome hits 1 out of 11.000 babies.
The doctors were amazed by the tongue size. It was also difficult for her to eat, so for half a year she was fed through a tube.

Her parents, Shannon and Madison, were praying that one day soon her mouth reaches the size of the tongue, but this was far from happening. So, a second surgery was performed, which was successful this time and the doctors removed 15 cm of the tongue. This made little Paisley able to laugh for the first time in her life. If the tongue remained big, she would have been unable to speak as well.

Her mother couldn’t control her emotions. She said, “When she recovered from the surgery, Paisley smiled for the first time. I was shocked how beautify is my baby. Now, it’s a completely different child, her facial expression is different and we can’t wait for her to say her first words.”


She is also happy that the tongue will not attract any more attention. However, although she is well now, it’s possible that another operation is required. Also, the doctors will keep monitoring little Paisley, so that the syndrome doesn’t manifest itself in any other way.


Source: healthy life experts

Dumped boyfriend, 20, found dead left heartbreaking last Facebook post telling ex-girlfriend where to find Christmas presents

A young man was found dead just hours after writing a heartbreaking last Facebook post saying “I don’t know what to do anymore”.Kieran Lister, from Leeds, told friends and family he had recently split with his girlfriend of two years but stressed ‘this isn’t her fault’.The 20-year-old’s final message told his ex-partner where to find her Christmas presents and asked his family to sell his belongings and give the money ‘to someone else that’s in need’.Kieran also asked Facebook not to remove his message in the hope it will be an “eye opener to the people that are looking for happiness”. 

He posted the message at 8.30pm on Monday, December 12, shortly after he had been reported missing to police. (Image: Facebook)


He posted the message at 8.30pm on Monday, December 12, shortly after he had been reported missing to police.

Officers found his body in the Cottingley area of Leeds at around 1.40am on Tuesday, December 13.

Kieran’s post reads: “I don’t know what to do anymore. My girlfriend of over 2 years (yes you may think it’s a short period) has decided we aren’t good for each other anymore – 2 years is a long time to bond, to be happy with.

The upsetting post has prompted a number of users to send best wishes to Kieran’s friends and family.The 20-year-old’s final message told his ex-partner where to find her Christmas presents (Image: Facebook)Now we are separating I don’t feel like I can cope without her full love any longer. She was and still is my everything. I don’t think I will be able to get over this. I don’t want to wait till I get over the situation because she’s the only one that’s ever made me truly happy.This isn’t (girlfriend’s name) fault at all, we both just weren’t right for each other in the end. I did a lot of bad in the relationship that may of led up to this. From day one to the end, I should of cared the same as I did during happy times.I guess people slowly move apart from each other and I would do anything to stop this but it’s something that I have no control over.


I know I’m being selfish considering I have my two families, my dog snoop, my reptiles & my princess (girlfriend’s name).

“I’d like to wish upon everyone to listen to these last wishes.

To remember the good times I shared with people I’d like my favourite song to be played for me – Lion King circle of life. I would like someone to look after snoop for me until he joins me. He’s looked after me through hard/good times and I’m sure he will look after whomever chooses to take it upon them.The flat and car I own, is now (girlfriend’s name). Use my bank account to pay for it & the clothes I have that are worth money, eBay them to get more for it (don’t throw them it’s pointless). Once you have enough money to get a place better, make sure you are moving out with someone that cares. That won’t just be there for the meantime, then move out but please take the photo on the wall with you

Kieran Lister, from Leeds, told friends and family he had recently split with his girlfriend of two years but stressed ‘this isn’t her fault’. (Image: Facebook)


“Please sell all my belongs, like consoles and everything that’s worth something, the furniture, once you are done with, give to someone else that’s in need and looking for somewhere to live. I wish everyone to look after each other, stop falling out and remember how precious life is. The presents I have bought (girlfriend’s name) they’re in loft), take them and have a good Christmas, a happy one. It’s what I want & a lot of thought went into them.

As I’m writing this upset and I can see snoop feeling the pain I’m feeling while whining (either that or he’s hungry lol)

“I’m sorry to all the people I have hurt, let down and just generally upset. If I could I’d make everyone forgive me but I’m not god. Yet. I am not a believer of god, I’m just imagining someone powerful, who’s indestructible. I wish I was.

Please Facebook, don’t take my post down. The reason I’m writing this for Facebook is because maybe this note will leave an eye opener to the people that are looking for happiness, something I’ve looked for my whole life. I want my family and friends to read this and to know, I care. I love everyone so dearly. I’m out. Don’t try save me it’s what I want.

‘Let’s play hide and seek but never stop looking for true happiness.'”

His post has been reacted to by more than 20,000 people and shared around 11,500 times.

Thousands of people have commented about how “heartbreaking” it is to read the post, while others have simple wrote “RIP” and “God Bless”.

Unfortunately the post also attracted some negative comments prompting family members to speak out.

Sarah, a cousin of Kieran’s, posted “I just want to put it out there that yes Kieran Lister was my cousin and I’m sure at time like this that all his family and friends want is some privacy.

“I cannot believe some of the nasty evil comments I’ve been reading especially from people that didn’t know him. R.i.p Kieran you really was a popular guy loved by many #havesomerespect (sic).”

A spokesman for West Yorkshire Police said: “At 7.42pm on Monday, December 12, police received a call expressing concerns for the welfare of a 20-year-old man who had gone missing from his home in Churwell and had last been seen earlier in the day.

“Enquiries were carried out and searches conducted and the man was found dead in the Cottingley area at about 1.40am on Tuesday. The death is not being treated as suspicious and the Coroner’s Office has been informed.”

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This little girl waited for night to fall to do something horrible. The consequences of her actions brought me to tears.

Sofia Ezhova is a five-year-old Russian girl who, like thousands of other little girls around the world, adores the cartoon Winx Club. It’s an animated series about five fairies who live in the kingdom of Alfey.

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One day while she was on Facebook, she noticed something that caught her attention. It was a picture of two of her favorite Winx Club characters with the caption, “How to become a fairy?” Sofia couldn’t believe her luck. Like so many little girls, she had always dreamed about becoming a real fairy.

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At the age of five, it’s easy to believe in magic. But at that age, it’s also difficult for children to tell the difference between fantasy and reality, especially when presented with such an enticing invitation.
Sofia read the message and its instructions over and over until she knew it by heart. Then she waited for her opportunity to use the “magical spell” and transform herself into a fairy.
That night, Sofia went to bed and waited until everyone else was asleep. Then she sneaked out of bed and went down to the kitchen to carry out the instructions in the message.
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This was the message:
“At midnight, when everybody is asleep, get up from your bed and go around the room three times. Now say the magical words: ‘Alfey kingdom, sweet little fairies, give me the power, I’m asking you.’
Then go to the kitchen silently, so no one notices you or the magic of the words will disappear.
Switch on the gas stove, all four burners. But do not light it. You don’t want to get burns, do you? Now go back to sleep.
The magic gas will come to you, you will breathe it while sleeping and in the morning, when you wake up, say: ‘Thank you Alfey, I’ve become a fairy.’
And you will became a real fairy of fire.”
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But when Sofia tried this, the burners on the stove ignited and she was badly burned. Luckily her parents woke up quickly and brought her to the hospital. But if things had gone differently, the family might never have woken up again.
Many similar cases have been reported in Russia. Some families have been fortunate and the parents have woken up in time to prevent any injury to the child and the rest of the family. But others, like Sofia’s, haven’t been so lucky.
Police are still investigating to find the people responsible for this horrible and potentially deadly hoax. They believe that it’s the work of people with some very professional skills — obviously very sick individuals who are trying to kill little girls by tricking them into committing suicide.
Authorities have informed the public about the danger and hope that parents will talk to their children and explain that they should never follow any kind of instructions without showing them to their parents first.
It’s terrifying to think that there are people out there who would try to harm children in this way, but it’s an unfortunate reality. The only thing for parents to do is pay careful attention to what their children are doing online and talk to them about the potential dangers. Hopefully the perpetrators of this horrendous crime will be brought to justice so that parents have at least one less danger to worry about.
Source: The mirror , credit:

This 38-year-old felt only pain in his face. After the diagnosis, his world fell apart.

Warning: this article contains images some readers may find disturbing.

Tim McGrath is 38 and comes from Michigan state. When he felt a sharp pain in his jaw one day, there was no way he could have known that this marked the last day of his, until now, normal life.

He went to the doctors and they established what was causing the pain. Tim had a synovial sarcoma growing in his face. This is a rare, aggressive form of soft-tissue tumor, that often develops without any particular symptoms, but which can spread very quickly throughout the body.

In the beginning, Tim decided to fight the tumor without surgical intervention, but 18 months later, the growth was already the size of a grapefruit, and because synovial sarcoma are resistant to chemotherapy, that wasn’t an option. The sarcoma had to be cut out of his face — in an operation that lasted roughly 30 hours

Although the doctors did their best to reconstruct the 38-year-old’s face, the attempts were unsuccessful: his body rejected the transplants. Tim told the New York Post, “After the operation to remove the tumor I was heartbroken, I didn’t realize that half of my face would be taken away.”

Not only was his outward appearance now very misshapen, attempts to reconstruct his face also often led to infections. For a time he had a cavity in the side of his face.

On the recommendation of a friend, Tim turned to top plastic surgeon Dr. Kongkrit Chaiyaste who gave him hope again. In further operations, he used skin from Tim’s leg and under his arm to restore part of the left side of his face.

After the surgery, the 38-year-old said, “I currently can’t drink liquid, eat through my mouth, or pronounce certain words, however, my quality of life has improved massively. There are people who stare at me, mostly children who don’t understand, but I would hope that others look past what they can see.”

This time, his body accepted the transplants. The reconstruction is not finished, but his doctor has advised Tim to take a break before further surgery. Tim said, “Dr. Chaiyaste now wants me to have a year off to relax and gain my strength back, let the swelling go down and just have fun in life.” In the next operation, Dr. Chaiyaste will try to give Tim back the ability to eat and drink using his mouth.

Despite this tragic illness and his disfigured face, Tim hasn’t lost his optimism and is an example to us all.

He said, “I have now found the confidence to share my story, and if my journey can lead to a happy life for others around me then I truly understand why I was chosen to walk this path.”



Parents couldn’t possibly imagine their lives without using baby wipes. They have become a true necessity when it comes to a quick cleaning of the diaper mess or even for sticky hands, toys or faces.

However, they have probably assumed they are absolutely safe for use but is that so? They are not aware of the true content of the baby wipes.

Many researches have pointed out that the baby wipes are not the most preferable thing for the sensitive baby skin. The experts recommend that parents should avoid using these chemical wipes because they expose their children on risk any time they use baby wipes.

The NBC News has presented a study which pointed out that baby wipes are not safe for usage for babies because of one ingredient. The study has conducted a research whose results were disturbing. The children who were exposed to baby wipes had a scaly, itchy and rashed reaction on the skin.

Dr. Mary Wu Chang, a dermatologist and pediatric in Connecticut was a joint author of this study. She examined many children but six different and unique reactions attracted her attention.

An eight years old girl had a serious rash on her buttocks and the area around her mouth. According to where the reaction was located, it was easy to conclude that the reason was nothing more than baby wipes. She asked the mother what she used to clean her daughter. The mother confirmed the usage of baby wipes.

Another case was a man from Belgium who had a serious allergic and chemical reaction to the substance methylisothiazolinone. Dr. Chang in the very moment found a relationship between these two cases.

Dr. Chang made some analysis on the girl to see whether she had some allergy to this chemical and as you can guess, the test was positive. Such case involved a simple solution. The mother stopped using baby wipes immediately.

During year and a half, there were other five cases with the same reaction. It was easy for Dr. Chang to set the diagnosis because all of the parents used baby wipes for their children. After they stopped using baby wipes, the rashes disappeared.

The chemical methylisothiazolinone is a component ingredient in many popular brands such as Cottonelle, Johnson & Johnson, Huggies and many other. This chemical became a true concern for the parents and a threat of the safety and health of the children. The experts work on finding and replacing this harmful chemical with some more natural alternative.

Another dermatologist, Dr. Ellen Frankel also shares the same opinion with Dr. Chang that baby wipes should not be used on children.

She suggested that parents should take a close look at the ingredients on the baby wipes. If there is the chemical methylisothiazolinone, you should avoid those baby wipes. In this way, you will help your baby and will prevent severe rashes.